|T-TAP||Training and Technical Assistance For Providers|
|Strategies: Organizational Change|
The National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers, FY2002-2003
Over the past twenty years extensive research and practice has demonstrated that individuals with significant disabilities can be successful members of the labor market. Federal policy also emphasizes employment through regulation and legislation including the Rehabilitation Act and Rehabilitation Services Administration policy, the Workforce Investment Act (WIA); the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act; the Olmstead Decision; and President Bush's "New Freedom Initiative".
Despite these initiatives, data on the employment of people with developmental disabilities suggest that there continues to be a bias toward sheltered and non-work services in funding and service delivery, including a substantial continuing investment in sheltered employment services.
Two recent reports from the FY2002-2003 National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers (CRPs) give a current snapshot of CRPs and the services they provide. The survey provides a national estimate of the distribution of services and outcomes from data provided directly by CRPs. While the results emphasize individuals with developmental disabilities, the full reports include information on all individuals supported by CRPs ( Full Report 1:Overview of Services and Provider Characteristics | Full Report 2: Non-Work Services). Two brief reports are currently available:
Report 1: Overview of Services and Provider Characteristics (Full Report 1:Overview of Services and Provider Characteristics)
Results indicate that the majority of CRPs that provided employment services offered both integrated and sheltered employment, however integrated employment had not significantly replaced the model of sheltered employment. Core findings include:
Report 2: Non-Work Services (Full Report 2: Non-Work Services)
The proportion of individuals participating in non-work programs has grown noticeably over the past decade. Despite the push toward integrated employment for people with developmental disabilities in many states, non-work day programs continue to be a substantial component of the service mix. These services include both facility-based programs such as day habilitation or day activity services and community-based non-work services, typically referred to as community participation or community integration services.
The analysis of the FY2002-2003 National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers confirms non-work as a significant component in the service mix. Findings include:
The National Survey of Community Rehabilitation Providers was conducted by staff of the Institute for Community Inclusion, University of Massachusetts Boston, including Deborah S. Metzel, Heike Boeltzig, John Butterworth, Dana S. Gilmore, and Jennifer Sullivan. The Survey was supported by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities, Administration for Children and Families, U. S. Department of Health and Human Services.