||Topic: Employment, Productive Life Roles and Income Maintenance
Presenter: Paul Wehman, Ph.D.
Director, Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Workplace Supports
Supports - Some employers may need additional assistance in creating workplace cultures that are supportive of
individuals with disabilities. This additional assistance or workplace supports may be provided by an agency such as a Community Rehabilitation
Program (CRP). This fact sheet will address some of the commonly asked questions about the level and intensity of workplace supports that individuals
with disabilities may need to obtain and maintain employment.
Community Employment as an Employment Outcome - Service providers must empower their ́customersî with disabilities to make
informed choices and promote active participation in the decision making process. This fact sheet will provide some answers on how to support individuals
with disabilities when they decide if they want to go to work in a community business.
(SE) has consistently been demonstrated as a program approach that
works. This approach was developed to ensure that individuals
with significant disabilities have access to commensurate / competitive
wages and the needed support in order to maintain employment in
community jobs. For many, this support strategy has opened the door
vocational opportunities. The goal is paid work in the normal workplace
with the needed levels of support to enhance work outcomes.
Wehman and Kregel (1992) described a number
of key features of supported employment programs. These features
today and include the
The purpose is employment with all the regular outcomes of having
a job. Wages, working conditions, and job security are key considerations.
The focus is on providing the ongoing support required to get and
keep a job rather than on getting a person ready for a job sometime
Emphasis is on creating opportunities to work rather than just
providing services to develop skills.
People who have significant disabilities are not excluded.
The assumption is that all people regardless of the degree
have the capacity to undertake supported employment if appropriate
Contact and relationships with people without disabilities
who are not paid caregivers are emphasized. Social integration
near work, during lunch times or breaks; or during non-work
hours as a result
of wages earned.
Supported employment does not lock individuals into one
or two work options. There is a wide range of jobs in
are many ways
of providing support to individuals in their jobs of
Supported Employment Handbook: A Customer Driven Approach
|This website was developed by T-TAP, funded by a cooperative agreement from
the U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Disability Employment Policy (Number
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